(One of a series of weekday posts about the life of Winston S. Churchill.)
David Hurwitz writes (excerpts):
Appointed Colonial Secretary in February 1921, Churchill had long supported a Jewish state. His early experience came from prominent Jewish leaders in Manchester, one of his early constituencies.It's sad to realize it's been 87 years since Churchill tried to settle differences and assure peace in Palestine between Arabs and Jews.
In a letter written in 1908, he expressed "full sympathy...with their aspirations of establishing a Jewish homeland....The restoration to them of a centre of true racial and political integrity would be a tremendous event in the history of the world....Jerusalem must be the only goal."
Churchill played an important part in determining the boundaries of Palestine. A natural Arab-Jewish boundary was the River Jordan, with Jewish settlements permitted west of the river and Arabs to the east.
Militant Arabs argued that Jewish immigration should be stopped and support for a national home for the Jews should be ended.
Churchill flatly refused, stating that it was not within his authority as Colonial Secretary, and that he would not block Jewish settlements in the area even if he could. He insisted that Arabs "...must live on terms of cordiality and fraternity."
David Hurwitz, "Churchill and Palestine." Judaism, vol.44(1): pgs. 3-32.